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List of Biosphere Reserves in India

List of Biosphere Reserves in India
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The programme of Biosphere Reserves was initiated beneath the ‘Man and Biosphere’ (MAB) program by United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization in 1970. the primary Biosphere Reserve of the planet was established in 1979. There are (18) Eighteen existing Biosphere Reserve in India. Among these sixteen, seven are recognized on world network of region reserves by United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, specifically Nilgiri (2000), Sunderbans (2001), Gulf of Mannar (2001), mountain peak (2004), Nokrek (2009), Pachmarhi (2009) and Simlipal (2009).

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and temperature change, Government of Republic of India defines region Reserves so – “Biosphere Reserves (BRs) area unit representative elements of natural and cultural landscapes extending over massive space of terrestrial or coastal/marine ecosystems or a mix thence and representative samples of bio-geographic zones/province”. the govt of Republic of India has established regarding eighteen totally different Biosphere Reserves within the country. Of these, ten area unit a part of the globe Network of Biosphere Reserves, started below the auspices of the UN agency Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme. Not solely area unit animals protected within the Biosphere Reserves of our country however the natural fashion of the native folks is additionally promoted. The communities in these regions area unit inspired to retain their agricultural fashion and develop harmony with the plants and animals. The Biosphere Reserves of Republic of India correspond roughly to the IUCN class V Protected Areas list and area unit usually designed to incorporate one or additional national parks and national sanctuaries. The buffer zones of those Biosphere Reserves area unit receptive economic activities additionally.

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
1-Aug-1986 Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala Parts of Wayanad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and Mudumalai, Nilambur, Silent Valley and Siruvani hills Western Ghats 5,520 Nilgiri Tahr, Lion-tailed macaque

Gulf of Mannar – Connected to MAN AND BIOSPHERE

Year of Initiation States  Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
18-Feb-1989 Tamil Nadu Rameswaram in the north to Kanyakumari in the south Coastal 10,500 Dugong or Sea Cow

Sunderbans – Connected to MAN AND BIOSPHERE

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
29-Mar-1989 West Bengal Parts of delta of Ganges & Brahamaputra river Gangetic Delta 9,630 Royal Bengal Tiger

Nanda Devi National Park & Biosphere Reserve – Connected to MAN AND BIOSPHERE

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
18-Jan-1988 Uttarakhand Parts of Chamoli, Pithoragarh and Almora districts in Uttarakhand Western Himalayas 5,860 Himalayan Snow Leopard

Nokrek – Connected to MAN AND BIOSPHERE

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
1-Sep-1988 Meghalaya Parts of East, West and South Garo Hill districts Eastern Himalayas 820 Red Panda

Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve – Connected to MAN AND BIOSPHERE

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
 03-Mar-1999 Madhya Pradesh Parts of Betul, Hoshangabad and Chhindwara Semi-Arid 4,981 Giant Squirrel, Flying Squirrel

Similipal – Connected to MAN AND BIOSPHERE

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
21-Jun-1994 Odisha Parts of Mayurbhanj district Deccan Peninsula 4,374 Gaur, Royal Bengal Tiger, Wild Elephant

Achanakmar- Amarkantak – Connected to MAN AND BIOSPHERE

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
30-Mar-2005 Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh Parts of Anuppur and Dindori district and Bilaspur district Maikala Hills 3,835  Leopards, gaur, chital

Great Nicobar Island Biosphere Reserve – Connected to MAN AND BIOSPHERE

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
 06-Jan-1989 Andaman and Nicobar Islands Southernmost islands of Andaman & Nicobar Island 885 Saltwater Crocodile

Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve – Connected to MAN AND BIOSPHERE

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
12-Nov-2001 Tamil Nadu, Kerala Parts of Thirunelveli and Kanyakumari districts and Thiruvanthapuram, Kollam, and Pathanmthitta districts Western Ghats 3,500 Nilgiri Tahr, Elephants

Manas

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
14-Mar-1989 Assam Parts of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta,Nalbari, Kamprup and Darang districts East Himalayas 2,837 Golden Langur, Red Panda

Dibru – Saikhowa

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
28-Jul-1997 Assam  Parts of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts East Himalayas 765 Golden Langur

Dehang – Dibang

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
 02-Sep-1998 Arunachal Pradesh Parts of Upper Siang, West Siang and Dibang Valleys East Himalayas 5,111  N/A

Khangchendzonga

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
7-Feb-2000 Sikkim Parts of North and West Sikkim districts East Himalayas 2,931 Snow Leopard, Red Panda

Great Rann of Kutch

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
29-Jan-2008 Gujarat Parts of Kutch, Rajkot, Surendranagar and Patan districts Desert 12,454 Indian Wild Ass

Cold Desert

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
28-Aug-2009 Himachal Pradesh Pin Valley National Park and its surroundings; Chandratal & Sarchu and Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary Western Himalayas 7,770 Snow Leopard

Seshachalam Hills

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
20-Sep-2010 Andhra Pradesh Seshachalam hill ranges in Eastern Ghats encompassing part of Chittoor and Kadapa districts Eastern Ghats 4,755  N/A

Panna

Year of Initiation States Coverage Type Area (sq Km) Key Fauna
25-Aug-2011  Madhya Pradesh Parts of Panna and Chhattarpur districts River Valley 2,998 Tiger, Chital, Chinkara, Sambhar and Sloth Bear

 

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